OTHER

NAME

European Spider Crab 🦀 (Maja squinado) 

Also known as: Common Spider Crab, Spiny Spider Crab

AVERAGE WEIGHT

Size: Up to 20cm across carapace

APPEARANCE

The European spider crab a circular body which is usually light orange to brown in colour (although this may be red in the breeding season) and covered in bumps and has small spines running along the edge. Its legs are usually a darker orange and are very long and have two joints in them. The claws are relatively small and are on the end of very long arms that also have two joints in them. As one of the largest crab species in British waters the European spider crab can have a carapace which is up to 20cm across and the claw to claw measurement of the outstretched arms of a fully grown male can be over 50cm.

NAME

Cuttlefish

European Cuttlefish, European Common Cuttlefish

Scientific name: Sepia officinalis

AVERAGE WEIGHT

Up to 50cm in length

APPEARANCE

The common cuttlefish has a flattened body with two fins running along either side. Looking closely at the tail of a cuttlefish will reveal that these fins are separate and do not meet. The head is broad with eyes located on either side. The eyes have unusual W-shaped pupils. There are eight arms with multiple rows of suckers on each. Like a squid the cuttlefish also has longer tentacles. However, these tentacles are kept tucked away in pouches by the side of the head when the cuttlefish is not using them to catch prey. There is no set colour for the common cuttlefish and this species is capable of changing its colour to blend in with surroundings and escape the attention of predators.

NAME

Decorator Crab 🦀 

APPEARANCE

Decorator crabs are crabs of several different species, belonging to the superfamily Majoidea (not all of which are decorators), that use materials from their environment to hide from, or ward off, predators. They stick mostly sedentary animals and plants to their bodies as camouflage, or if the attached organisms are noxious, to ward off predators through aposematism.

NAME

Long-legged Spider Crab 🦀 

AVERAGE WEIGHT

Size: 29 mm (male) 16 mm (female)

APPEARANCE

As its name suggests this crab has very long legs. It has a very triangular shell and it looks like a Daddy Long-legs. 

NAME

Brown Crab 🦀 

Also known as: Cancer pagurus or edible crab

AVERAGE WEIGHT

Size: Up to 11 inches (27cm) across carapace

APPEARANCE

The brown crab is by far the largest crab species in British waters, with the carapace of a fully grown adult being around 20cm across, and in exceptional specimens can be 30cm across and weigh 9lbs. The upper shell of the crab is oval shaped and usually an orange-red colour with paler undersides. Like all of the crab species in British waters they have eight legs and two, very large and powerful claws, with the pincers usually being tipped black. One of the most distinguishable features of this species of crab is the pattern which runs along the edge of the carapace which is usually described as resembling a pie crust. Due to the very large and powerful claws the brown crab can cause a very painful nip to humans it comes across.

NAME

Scientific name: Asterias rubens

Also known as: Sea Star

AVERAGE WEIGHT

​Size: Usually up to 10cm across, although rare specimens can be substantially larger.

APPEARANCE

It is made up of five arms and is usually yellowish to orange on the upperside and paler underneath, although some specimens can be purplish. The whole of the underside of the common starfish is covered in small, blunt, bumpy tubes which the starfish can use for moving and holding prey.

NAME

Sea Anemones

APPEARANCE

Sea Anemones - thought really to be the flowers of the sea - although really they are Predatory Animals They may look like plants but they are meat eating animals. Sea anemones are primitive animals consisting mostly of a column with one opening, the mouth, used to ingest food and also to get rid of waste. Anemones out of water will usually have their tentacles retracted into their bodies to prevent drying, and may appear to be little more than wet, squishy lumps. 

NAME

Masked crab 🦀 

APPEARANCE

The masked crab is a species of crab which is present mostly around the south and west of the British Isles, although smaller isolated populations are present elsewhere across the country and is also found throughout European waters. It is a small species of crab with a carapace measuring just a few centimetres across. It lives on sandy and muddy seabeds and buries itself into the sediment with its long antenna poking out. They generally live just outside the intertidal zone and down to depths of around one hundred metres. It feeds on marine worms and any other small creatures which are found in the sand and sediment where this crab is present.

NAME

Hardback Crab 🦀 

APPEARANCE

Hardback crab is a generic term for any species of crab which is not in a state of peeling and therefore has a hard shell. While peeler crab has a reputation of one of the UK’s top baits, the hardback crab is not as highly regarded. This is because hardback crab is much more difficult to mount onto a hook, and lacks the scent trail that a crab in the peeling process has. While cod and bass may eat hardback crabs an angler specifically fishing for these species would have their chances of catching increased massively by using a peeler crab, or a more mainstream sea fishing bait such as ragworm, lugworm, mackerel etc. Hardback crab is therefore limited in its use as a bait to two main species – wrasse and smooth-hounds, as these fish have the powerful jaws and teeth needed to crunch through shells and feed on the flesh inside.

RAYS
KAYAK FISHING
Rays caught from a kayak in UK waters
ROUND FISH
KAYAK FISHING
Round fish caught from a kayak in UK waters
EELS
KAYAK FISHING
Eels caught from a kayak in UK waters
FLATFISH
KAYAK FISHING
Flatfish caught from a kayak in UK waters
SHARKS
KAYAK FISHING
Sharks caught from a kayak in UK waters
SMALL FISH
KAYAK FISHING
Small fish caught from a kayak in UK waters
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